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Download The Female Circumcision Controversy: An Anthropological by Ellen Gruenbaum PDF

By Ellen Gruenbaum

ISBN-10: 0812217462

ISBN-13: 9780812217469

To the Western eye, there's something jarringly incongruous, even stunning, in regards to the photograph of a six-year-old woman being held down through loving kinfolk in order that her genitals should be lower. but million ladies event this every year. such a lot Westerners, upon studying of the perform of woman circumcision, have answered with outrage; these dedicated to bettering the prestige of girls have long gone past outrage to motion by means of developing quite a few courses for "eradicating" the perform. yet few comprehend the true existence complexities households face in finding out even if to stick to the conventional practices or to take the danger of change.
In the feminine Circumcision Controversy, Ellen Gruenbaum issues out that Western outrage and Western efforts to prevent genital mutilation usually galvanize a powerful backlash from humans within the nations the place the perform is usual. She appears to be like on the validity of Western arguments opposed to the perform. In doing so, she explores either outsider and insider views on lady circumcision, concentrating fairly at the complicated attitudes of the members and teams who perform it and on indigenous efforts to finish it. Gruenbaum reveals that the criticisms of outsiders are often simplistic and fail to understand the range of cultural contexts, the complicated meanings, and the conflicting responses to change.

Drawing on over 5 years of fieldwork in Sudan, the place the main serious types of genital surgical procedure are universal, Gruenbaum exhibits that the practices of girl circumcision are deeply embedded in Sudanese cultural traditions—in spiritual, ethical, and aesthetic values, and in rules approximately type, ethnicity, and gender. Her learn illuminates either the resistance to and the reputation of switch. She indicates that fluctuate is going on because the results of financial and social advancements, the impacts of Islamic activists, the paintings of Sudanese health and wellbeing educators, and the efforts of proficient African girls. that doesn't suggest that there's no position for outsiders, Gruenbaum asserts, and she or he bargains feedback if you happen to desire to support facilitate change.

By proposing particular cultural contexts and human reports with a deep wisdom of the large edition of the perform and which means of lady circumcision, Gruenbaum offers an insightful research of the method of fixing this advanced, hugely debated perform.

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Extra info for The Female Circumcision Controversy: An Anthropological Perspective

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Although European and North American feminists have strongly advocated equality for women, including social changes to allow them greater dignity and autonomy and the elimination of sharp social constraints on roles and behaviors, the labeling of these desires as "Western" is misplaced. Throughout the world, women's equality has been a goal for reformers for decades, often predating the European and American movements. Indeed, Muslims frequently claim that the revelation of the Qur'an to Mohammed in the seventh century was a major boost to the 32 Introduction status of women.

Although European and North American feminists have strongly advocated equality for women, including social changes to allow them greater dignity and autonomy and the elimination of sharp social constraints on roles and behaviors, the labeling of these desires as "Western" is misplaced. Throughout the world, women's equality has been a goal for reformers for decades, often predating the European and American movements. Indeed, Muslims frequently claim that the revelation of the Qur'an to Mohammed in the seventh century was a major boost to the 32 Introduction status of women.

Often referred to as "Islamic fundamentalism," a term disliked by most Muslims, this Islamist movement is characterized by a desire to adopt what is thought to be a more authentic adherence to Islamic practice, including using Islamic law as the law of the state, and in some situations imposing Islamist understanding of proper dress and social rules on all members of society, or all Muslims at least. "Western" can then become an ideological stigma, symbolic for the Islamists of a rejection of the Islamic faith.

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