By W.H. Benson, Daniel Schlenk
Addressing the various gaps in present info, objective Organ Toxicology in Marine and Freshwater Teleosts is a vital source for researchers and pros in aquatic toxicology and environmental danger evaluation. the entire chapters are written by means of researchers who're across the world acknowledged for his or her paintings in mechanistic points of aquatic toxicology. every one bankruptcy makes a speciality of a particular goal organ or physiological procedure and describes how quite a few brokers disrupt the traditional physiological process and approaches. This quantity is dedicated to precise organs with assurance of the gill, kidney, dermis, liver and intestine. The significant other quantity, structures, offers assurance of poisonous results within the vital worried, immune, neurobehavioural and reproductive structures in addition to describing basic mechanisms of toxicity. Read more...
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Extra info for Target organ toxicity in marine and freshwater teleosts. / Volume 1, Organs
1991) and with an apparent compartmentalization of the remaining aluminum into inert membrane-bound precipitates within the gill cells (Youson and Neville, 1987). , 1991). Mucous cell and chloride cell hyperplasia and a general repair of lamellar structure occurs, thickening the body of the filament. , 1994; Wilson, 1996). No studies appear to have checked for metallothionein induction. Aluminum sulfate is often used to clarify drinking water. Sewage treatment plants and acidic, aluminum-rich rivers often discharge into well-buffered estuaries, and acidified lakes are often limed.
Six respiratory lamellae of a freshwater rainbow trout (a-f) are shown, with the top one (a) representing the control situation. The individual types of lesions, numbered 1–14, are described in the text. The abbreviations are: bl, basal lamina; cc, chloride cell; e, normal lamellar pavement cells; lbs, lamellar blood sinus (pillar cell channel); ma, marginal channel; mu, mucous cell; pi, pillar cell; rbc, red blood cell. 9A and B). 3A), although the basolateral membrane tubular system of chloride cells may swell in some cases.
Model describing changes in solubility and speciation of aluminum which contribute to toxic precipitation and polymerization in the microenvironment of the gills of rainbow trout in soft freshwater (from Playle and Wood, 1989b, by permission). Trout were exposed to a total aluminum concentration of 93 g L−1 at various acidic pH values in the inspired (bulk) water. The solid line shows the theoretically predicted solubility limit of aluminum at the various inspired pH values ; the shaded area indicates the solubility limit (with 95 percent confidence limits) actually predicted to occur in the gill microenvironment based on measured pH changes at the gills.