20 Th Century

Download Power, Speed, and Form: Engineers and the Making of the by David P. Billington, David P. Billington Jr. PDF

By David P. Billington, David P. Billington Jr.

ISBN-10: 0691102929

ISBN-13: 9780691102924

Power, velocity, and Form is the 1st obtainable account of the engineering in the back of 8 step forward options that remodeled American existence from 1876 to 1939--the mobilephone, electrical energy, oil refining, the car, the plane, radio, the long-span metal bridge, and development with strengthened concrete. starting with Thomas Edison's approach to generate and distribute electrical strength, the authors clarify the Bell cell, the oil refining techniques of William Burton and Eugene Houdry, Henry Ford's version T vehicle and the reaction through basic cars, the Wright brothers' aircraft, radio recommendations from Marconi to Armstrong, Othmar Ammann's George Washington Bridge, the bolstered concrete constructions of John Eastwood and Anton Tedesko, and within the Thirties, the Chrysler Airflow automobile and the Douglas DC-3 airplane.

those options used easy numerical principles, which the Billingtons combine with brief narrative debts of every breakthrough--a special and powerful strategy to introduce engineering and the way engineers imagine. The e-book indicates how the simplest engineering exemplifies potency, economic climate and, the place attainable, splendor. With Power, velocity, and Form, educators, first-year engineering scholars, liberal arts scholars, and normal readers now have, for the 1st time in a single quantity, an available and readable historical past of engineering achievements that have been important to America's improvement and which are nonetheless the rules of contemporary existence.

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To others, this demonstrates that a person and his or her beliefs are inseparable. Regardless of one’s views on the issue, these presidential proclamations show the complexity of the question of church and state in America. htm. ** Ibid. *** Abraham Lincoln: Proclamation Etablishing Thanksgiving Day. http://www. htm. 48 Engel v. Vitale The Fourteenth Amendment defined citizenship in the United States, requiring states to provide equal protection under the law to all persons, not only to citizens, in their state.

32 A majority of the Court decided that the state governments needed to be able to exercise power over such issues. In this case, the Court did not extend the protections 50 Engel v. Vitale of the Fourteenth Amendment to deny states the power to legislate in this area. Interestingly, only one justice, Harlan Fiske Stone, dissented in the Gobitis opinion. Stone wrote in defense of the religious rights of the two teens. 34 The lone dissenter worried that the rights of a “small and helpless minority, including children having a strong religious conviction”35 would be at the mercy of the power of state governments.

Thus, the Gobitises believed that to salute a flag was the same as worshipping an idol. The local school district believed the two students were disruptive and removed them from school. Walter Gobitis then sent his children to private school. The cost soon grew too great, however, and he sued the school district. Gobitis argued that his children had only been expelled because of their religious beliefs and practices. S. Circuit Court of Appeals, but the Supreme Court ruling seemed to contradict its own Cantwell decision when it overturned the lower courts’ decisions.

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