Ancient Medieval Literature

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By Frederick H. Cramer

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I t also ■rought alKiut the triumph of Hellenistic astrology which iily conquered the very citadel of its western foes: Roman nobility. ) The ninety-six years from the consulate of Scipio's 'wmanist friend Laelius (140 b. ) to the death of iiius Caesar were filled with revolutionary wars and 1,1 Plutarch, Tiberius Gracchus. 8, 4. 13' Valerius Maximus. 1, 3, 3; compare F. H . Cramer, ''spulsion of astrologers from ancient Rome, Class, et Med. 12 -2 >. 1951: 14-17. s” See F. Cuuvmt, A propos (le Sabazios et du Judaisme.

Schlachteit, Per Globus. -intike, Stoicheia 8; Ilf. , Leipzig and Berlin. , F. ; H. J. Mette, Sphairopoiia. Uiftersuclmngcn sur Kosmologie dcs Kratcs von Pcryamnn. Muenchen, Beck. 1936, also contains all known fragments of Crates' writings. 75 H e thus liecame a distinguished figure in the capital of the Attalid kingdom. In this capacity he was entrusted with a diplomatic mission to Rome. The date of his sojourn cannot be fixed with certainty. On one hand, he was said to have come as ambassador for King Attalus II.

107 A man of studiously simple living habits 148 he met in the SciDionic circle Panaetius who henceforth became his intellectual mentor. 171 After Panaetius left Rome, at the latest shortly before the death of Scipio in 129 b . , he continued an intimate correspondence with Tubero and sent him some of his essays, for ex­ ample a treatise on H ow to suffer pain , 172 The scholarly contacts were extended to other disciples of Panaetius too. men who may well have been younger than the Roman humanist.

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